Blackjack Europeu

1 Aprende o valor das cartas do baralho

No Blackjack, cada carta tem um valor que é constante durante todo o jogo. O objectivo é conseguir 21 pontos com o menor numero de cartas possível.

Este são os valores para cada carta
  • Number cards: The number is the value of the card.
  • Face cards: The value of face cards is 10.
  • Ace: Either 1 or 11. It is counted as 11 (…generally) unless it would put you over 21, in which case it counts as 1.
    • Therefore, an ace and a face card are 21 in two cards, which is Blackjack.
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    Learn your choices: The casino’s greatest advantage is that the player has to act first. If a player “busts” (goes over 21), the casino immediately takes the player’s money. If the casino then “busts” on the same hand, the player still loses. The dealer is the last one to play the hand. There are two basic options when it’s your turn:

    • Hit: Get another card. You are able to hit until you go over 21.
    • Stand: Keep your current cards and do nothing. You do not receive more cards.
    • There are also a few extra possibilities you can use for certain hands:
      • Taking insurance: This is only available when the dealer is showing an ace. You place a new bet that will then pay at 2-1 if the dealer does indeed have a blackjack. You lose your other bet (which would pay 3-2) but win the insurance, resulting in breaking even.
      • Double Down: You double your bet, and get only one more card. This is generally only used when your initial two cards equal 10 or 11.
      • Split: Make two hands from one hand, if both cards are the same value. If both of your hands win, you get double the amount of money. If only one wins, you break even. If both hands lose, you lose double the money. Split the hands by separating the cards and placing a duplicate bet.
      • Surrender: In many casinos, you can (before playing and after determining if the dealer has a blackjack) choose to give up half of your bet without playing. Surrender is usually desirable when the dealer is showing a face card, and the player has a hand likely to bust.
        • When the dealer has an ace, he or she automatically checks to see if a blackjack is had. Early surrender is when you opt out of half your betbefore the dealer checks for a blackjack on his/her behalf.
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    Start winning. In order to win, the player has to be closer to 21 than the dealer, without going over. If the player goes over, he has “busted.” If it’s a tie, it’s a “push” — neither the player nor the house wins. A blackjack is when your starting hand is an ace and 10, or face card.

    • The dealer will go around the players until each one decides to stand. He then plays his own hand, which determines the outcome of the game. Obviously, each hand is different. Generally, players using dealer’s strategy hit on 16 or less. This works a bit better than using the never-bust strategy, where you stay on 12 or more.[1]

Rules & Strategy

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    Understand the “House rules.” Most casinos always “stand” on 17 and greater. Some will “hit” a “soft 17″ (a 6 and an ace). Some casinos (though rarely) require an “ante” like in poker (play in those casinos favors the house as much as 20%). You’ll quickly gather your casino’s rules when you sit down to play.

    • Casinos have varying rules on insurance, splitting, and doubling down when it comes to how and when you can do it. Your dealer will surely let you know it if comes to this. For example, some casinos won’t let you split a third Ace; for surrendering, some abide by early or late surrender only.[1]
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    Recognize the implications of insurance, splitting, doubling down and surrender. All of the extra actions favor the house — it wouldn’t be a casino game if the opposite were true!

    • When making an insurance bet, you are betting that the dealer’s hole card is a 10, Jack, Queen or King. Their are 13 potential ranks of cards in the deck. You have less than a 1 and 3 chance of it paying. The best time to make an insurance bet is whenyou have a blackjack! If the dealer turns out to have a blackjack, you will have a “push” (tie) with the dealer; your insurance bet will pay 2-1 which pays better than the original bet of 3-2!
    • When doubling down, you only get one card. You may not like the hand you end up with. In fact, that is what the casino is counting on! Never double down if the dealer is an ace or a face card (unless you have 11).
    • Splitting can turn an excellent hand into a terrible one, and vice versa. Here are some rules of thumb: Never split 5′s — your total is 10; you are likely to end strong. Always split 7′s, 8′s and Aces. Splitting 7′s and 8′s will change probable losers to probable winners. Splitting Aces is advantageous, but understand this: You are only allowed to split Aces once, and you can only take one card for each new hand. The casinos required this because Splitting Aces, without the restriction, is a great advantage.
      • Again, with the exception of a certain casino here and there.
    • Once you have “surrendered” your hand, the dealer’s actions are unimportant (to you). If the dealer’s hand goes sour, you have already given up.
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    Understand card counting. You’re not literally counting the value of all the cards, no. What some players do (when they’re really good) is count the “value” of the deck, or, more specifically, how many aces and tens are left to be played. If lots are still to be seen, they up their bets, knowing the likelihood of them getting a good hand is better.

    • Casinos have caught onto this however, and most now use multiple decks in the shoe or remove a section of the deck that players do not see or both. With six decks in play and some cards taken out, it’s virtually impossible to track the number of good cards in the deck.
      • Because of this, card counting will not be outlined here. Refer to wikiHow’s card counting page if you’re interested in the details.

Casino Play & Etiquette

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    Grab a seat at an open table. When the hand is over (if you’re not alone at the table), whip out your stack of benjamins and tell the dealer what denomination of chips you’d like. S/He will gladly take your money and exchange it for a pile of chips. Then, you place your bet in the betting box and away you go!

    • If you’re a newbie to the blackjack game, you may want to avoid the seat on the far left of the table. Since this is the spot that comes right before the dealer, you’re likely to get a lot of heat if you’re the reason the dealer turns up an ace or 10 for himself. Though obviously not logical, no one said humans, and gamblers especially, ever were.[1]
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    Start using your hands. At a casino’s blackjack table, being mute would go entirely unnoticed. You don’t need a single word to play the game. In fact, you’d blend into the crowd more if you never opened your piehole.

    • For hitting, either tap the table with a finger or two or scrape the table with the edge of your cards. For standing, place your chips on top of your cards, face down. For splitting, add another bet and physically part your cards. For doubling down, all you need do is add another chip to your betting box.[1]
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    Assume the dealer has a ten. When it comes down to it, that card facing down has better odds of being a ten (or worth 10) than any other value. That’s generally how basic strategy works. If he or she is showing a 6 or lower, the idea is they’ll bust. That’s the basicstrategy.

    • You should take into account both your cards and their cards. If you have sixteen and the dealer is showing a six, stand. They have to take a card. But if you have sixteen and the dealer is showing a 7…well, that decision is up to you. If you’re alone at a table or with a friendly group, people and/or the dealer will probably be happy to bestow upon you their “expertise.”
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    Know when to walk away. Just like in poker, blackjack has hot and cold tables. It doesn’t take a pro to be able to recognize this — you’ll know when you’re running out of chips! If you’re observant, you’ll probably be able to tell which table is running hot just by watching.

    • A good rule of thumb is to up your bet in increments. If you win two $5 bets and then lose a $10 bet, you’re still even! When your winning streak stops (just be glad you ever had one), resume your initial minimum bet until the table goes hot again.

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